reflexive verbs
comparatives and superlatives
definite articles
demonstrative adjectives
demonstrative pronouns
direct and indirect object pronouns
double object pronouns
hacer expressions
noun suffix
passive voice
personal pronouns
por and para
possessive adjectives
possessive pronouns
present tense
preterite tense
ques expressions
reflexive verbs
relative pronouns
subject pronouns
present subjunctive
tener expressions


A reflexive verb is used to indicate that the action reflects back upon the doer of the action. In other words, the subject of the verb will give and receive the action of the verb. Therefore, with reflexive verbs the subject acts on itself by using the reflexive pronouns.
In order to conjugate a reflexive verb, you must use the correct reflexive pronoun. The pronoun is placed in front of the conjugated form or attached to the end of the infinitive.
Nonreflexive Reflexive
Lavo las manos de mi hermano. Me lavo las manos.
I wash my brother's hands. I wash my hands.
La madre acuesta a los niños. La madre se acuesta.
The mother puts the children to bed. The mother goes to bed.
Pones el vaso en la mesa. Te pones la corbata roja.
You are putting the glass on the table. You are putting on the red tie.
Note that reflexive verbs sometimes differ in meaning from the non-reflexive form.
Non-reflexive   Reflexive  
comer to eat comerse to eat up
despedir to fire despedirse de to take leave
ir to go irse to go away
llamar to call llamarse to be called
llevar to carry llevarse to take away
marchar to go, leave marcharse to go away
poner to put ponerse to put on (clothes)
parecer to seem parecerse to look alike
quedar to be left quedarse to remain, stay
sentir to regret sentirse to feel
sonar to ring sonarse to blow one's (e.g., nose)
The reflexive can be used to mean "each other."
Nosotros nos hablamos. We talk to each other.
Vosotros os engañáis. You deceive each other.
Ellos se mienten. They lie to each other.
The reflexive can be used to mean "to oneself."
Yo me hablo. I talk to myself.
Ellos se mienten. They lie to themselves.
Remember: the reflexive pronoun must agree with the subject even if the reflexive verb is in the infinitive form.
I want to go to bed. (put myself) Yo quiero acostarme.
You want to feel better tomorrow. Tú deseas sentirte mejor mañana.
We want to have fun at the party. Queremos divertirnos a la fiesta.


reflexive verbs

Submit questions and comments to:

Jaime El Sabio