comparatives and superlatives
definite articles
demonstrative adjectives
demonstrative pronouns
direct and indirect object pronouns
double object pronouns
hacer expressions
noun suffix
passive voice
personal pronouns
por and para
possessive adjectives
possessive pronouns
present tense
preterite tense
ques expressions
reflexive verbs
relative pronouns
subject pronouns
present subjunctive
tener expressions


The conditional (would) tense is relatively simple to form in Spanish because the endings are added to the infinitive. Verbs endings are the same for all verbs -ar, - er, or -ir. All endings in the conditional tense carry an accent.
The conditional tense is used to indicate the possibility of an action that is related to specific circumstances.
Me gustaría ir contigo al cine. - I would like to go with you to the movies.
Yo bebería leche pero no hay. - I would drink milk, but there isn't any.
Ella llamaría al médico en caso de emergencia. - She would call the doctor in case of an emergency.
It is also used to express the probability that an action occurred in the past.
Después de viajar tantas horas, estarían cansados. After traveling so many hours, they were probably tired (or they must have been tired).
Examples of verbs in the future tense:

Subject pronoun




yo ayudaría aprendería abriría
ayudarías aprenderías abrirías
él, ella, usted ayudaría aprendería abriría
nosotros ayudaríamos aprenderíamos abriríamos
vosotros ayudaríais aprenderíais abriríais
ellos, ellas, ustedes ayudarían aprenderían abrirían

Irregular verbs

The following verbs drop the "e" in the infinitive before adding the endings of the conditional.
caber to fit cabría, -ías, ía, etc.
haber to be (aux. verb) habría, -ías, ía, etc.
poder to be able podría, -ías, ía, etc.
querer to want querría, -ías, ía, etc.
saber to know sabría, -ías, ía, etc.
The following verbs replace the "e" or "i" of the infinitive with a "d" before adding the endings of the conditional.
poner to put pondría, -ías, ía, etc.
salir to leave saldría, -ías, ía, etc.
tener to have tendría, -ías, ía, etc.
valer to be worth valdría, -ías, ía, etc.
venir to come vendría, -ías, ía, etc.
The following verbs drop the "e" and "c" of the infinitive before adding the endings of the conditional.
decir to say, tell diría, -ías, ía, etc.
hacer to do, make haría, -ías, ía, etc.


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Jaime El Sabio