por y para
comparatives and superlatives
definite articles
demonstrative adjectives
demonstrative pronouns
direct and indirect object pronouns
double object pronouns
hacer expressions
noun suffix
passive voice
personal pronouns
por and para
possessive adjectives
possessive pronouns
present tense
preterite tense
ques expressions
reflexive verbs
relative pronouns
subject pronouns
present subjunctive
tener expressions


Por means:

Para means:

1. on account of or because in order to or for the purpose of
2. through, along, by, around, in the area of by or for when referring to a specific time
3. refers to lengths of time and means during or for to, for, or in the direction of when referring to a specific place
4. in situations using money means in exchange for Estar + para + infinitive means to be ready to
5. per or by  
6. to be in favor of  
7. by means of  
8. for, as is, in place of  
9. *used with ser in the passive voice  

Ejemplos con por:

Lo hice por la lluvia. I did it because of the rain.
España es famoso por el vino de Jerez. Spain is famous for sherry wine.
Caminé por el río. I walked along (by) the river.
Nadie viene por aquí. Nobody comes around here.
Viajaremos por tres meses. We will travel for three months.
Pagué cien dólares por mi abrigo. I paid $100 for my coat.
Tengo dos semanas de vacaciones por año. I have two weeks of vacation per year.
Voté por la señora Moreno. I voted for Mrs. Moreno.
Van por avión. They are going by plane.
En mi país me toman por extranjera. In my country they take me for a foreigner.
*El libro fue escrito por Gabriel Márquez. *The book was written by Gabriel Márquez.

Ejemplos con para:

Hago ejercicio para descansar de mi trabajo. I exercise (in order to) rest from my work.
Este regalo es para ti. This gift is for you.
Lo hice para el bien de la humanidad. I did it for the (benefit) good of humanity.
Necesito el libro para mañana. I need the book for tomorrow.
Salgo para Europa en tres días. I leave for Europe in three days.
Estamos para salir ya. We're ready to leave now.


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Jaime El Sabio